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    Elio COPPOLA

    Insegnamento di PEDOTECHNOLOGIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION

    Corso di laurea magistrale in ARCHITETTURA - PROGETTAZIONE DEGLI INTERNI E PER L'AUTONOMIA

    SSD: AGR/14

    CFU: 6,00

    ORE PER UNITÀ DIDATTICA: 48,00

    Periodo di Erogazione: Secondo Quadrimestre

    Italiano

    Lingua di insegnamento

    English

    Contenuti

    INTRODUCTION: GROUND CONCEPTS AND NOTIONSEntry test.Architecture and Pedology: social-cultural and functional linkages.Environment, Land and Landscape: the pluridimensional pedological approach.THEORETICAL SEGMENTPrime Environmental Compartments. 1. Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, BiospherePrime Environmental Compartments. 2. Pedosphere: Soil as the central functional interface among environmental compartments.Meso- and Micro-scale Pedosystems: from “natural environments” to interiors: the boundary between soil and pseudosoils.Principles of plant nutrition. Plant management at Meso- and Micro-scale. Minimum requirements for plant growth and production. Crop requirements.APPLIED SEGMENTPedotechnologies to soil reclamation, soil re-building and ex-novo soil construction. Technosoils design at Meso- and Micro-scale.The Pluri-dimensions of the Environmental Restoration Project: spatial, temporal, thermodynamic, and immaterial.Pluridimensional land reading and characterizing. Searching for the “Genius Loci”: the Territorial Identities. Integral Land Evaluation. Present Material and Immaterial Structural Components. Land Capability. Land Suitability.Le Chatelier’s Principle. Forecasting the interventions outcome in space and time. Potential Material and Immaterial Structural Components. The “Dynamic Focus Project”. Preliminary projections. Planning Interventions TRIAL SEGMENTField surveyStudy-cases analysesKey LegislationRestoration interventions design and modeling.

    Testi di riferimento

    Selected lectures (produced by Teacher) from monographs and national/international recognized, reliable journals and books

    Obiettivi formativi

    The aim of the Course is restoring, optimizing, or ex-novo developing the material and aesthetic functionality of any anthropic system or artefact. It provides Students with theoretic foundations and methodological-operative tools to evaluate and solve conditions of:disequilibrium and deterioration, through restoration and valorization projects;latent functionality, by implementing and developing novel functions.Fields of interest include urban areas, public and private buildings and interiors.The Course addresses issues related to:identification and comprehension of the specific “Genius Loci”;the recovering of soil functionality and the Technosols building through Pedotechnologies;the management of “Green” at various interventions scales.Pedotechnologies matter deals with:the recovery and maintaining of soil functionality in “natural” and anthropized environments;the design and assembling of Technosols and Pseudosols.The concerns about the management of the vegetation in a Design / Architecture project are multifarious, and deserve an in-deep consideration. The “Green” cannot, and should not be reductively judged as a trivial ornament, furniture or make up of an artefact; quite the reverse, the “Green” is an integral part, functional and functioning, of the work. It is as superficial as unreasonable to discount that the “Green” is a living organism, continuously changing its shape, mass, volume, color. Contrastingly, our daily experience puts before our eyes a number of empirical and tawdry approaches to “Green” by some Architects and Designers: this clearly highlights how a shortage of knowledge, competence and sense makes fleeting all works implemented with a self-referential conceit. The grossest mistake is disregarding the plant requirements, as, chiefly, rooting in a suitable soil / substrate, adequate water and nutrients supply, a favorable environment, a protection against pest and diseases

    Prerequisiti

    According to its Objectives, the Course is essentially structured as an integrated multidiscipline. Students need to be polyvalent Architects, skilled in survey, representation and interpretation of land, landscape, buildings and artifact. Basic information dealing with chemistry, physics, biology, agronomy and legislation are also recommended. Such a familiarity will be made available also by ad hoc workshops (confer “Teaching Methods”). An adequate knowledge of technical-scientific English language is recommended.

    Metodologie didattiche

    Front-lecturing, lab practice, field survey, design and modeling of restoration actions. If the case, supplementing, specialized Seminars will be offered to uniform and improve the Students’ knowledge background. The Teacher will steadily supervise and appraise the Student work from the preliminary concept to the final restoration modeling. The Student work will be presented as oral dissertation supplied with free-hand sketches and preliminaries, and the conclusive restoration project (print and CD/DVD), with Italian-English glossary of technical terms.The Teacher thinks it’s appropriate to favor and stimulate the Students’ enterprise and the honest professional competition, as well as the co-operation sense, the positive criticisms and the integration of distinct standpoints and expertise. Brilliant, enterprising Students will be allowed to propose specified study-cases, provided such cases have a socioeconomic and doctrinal value, are transferable, and of true, general interest to acquire expertise and professionalism.Therefore, Students are warmly encouraged to responsibly create working teams (the number of participants must be proportionated to the project complexity). However, the contribution of any single participant will be extrapolated to be honestly and rightly evaluated.

    Metodi di valutazione

    Check MethodsEntry testClass/field queries/discussionWork-in-progress check/authenticationFinal oral dissertation supplied with free-hand sketches and preliminaries, the conclusive restoration project (print and CD/DVD), with a glossary of technical terms.Assessment MethodsFront-lecturing and survey attendance Seminar/workshop attendanceWork-in-progress endorsementPROJECT STANDARDSrelevance to course goal: 4.5documentation/research: 4.5feasibility: 4.5sustainability: 4.5originality/innovation: 4.5precision: 4.5language: 3.0adding up to 30 = honor, with glossary of technical terms.

    Altre informazioni

    The Student will be required to demonstrate its competence in finding and selecting prime and secondary factors and processes driving environmental degradation and dysfunctions, and to argue in favor of its own restoration project, under technical-scientific, normative, socio-economic and cultural aspects.

    Programma del corso

    Course description and learning objectivesThe main aim of the Course is restoring, optimizing, or ex-novo developing the material and aesthetic functionality of any anthropic system or artefact, as producers of goods and services, with special reference to soil and vegetation.The Course, highly specializing and professionalizing, provides Students with theoretic foundations and methodological-operative tools to competently and effectively analyze, evaluate, work out and manage situations and conditions of:disequilibrium and deterioration, through restoration and valorization projects;latent functionality, by implementing and developing novel functions.Fields of interest include urban areas, public and private buildings and interiors.Specifically, the Course addresses issues related to:identification and comprehension of the specific “Genius Loci”, through the pluridimensional reading and evaluation of the object of study;the recovering of soil functionality and the Technosols building through Pedotechnologies;the management of “Green” at various interventions scales.The pedological approach to the Land Evaluation is the key to analyzing and assessing the specific Structural Components, Capability and Suitability in space and time, as well as to forecasting the interventions outcome in space and time.Pedotechnologies matter deals with:the recovery and maintaining of soil functionality in “natural” and anthropized environments;the design and assembling of Technosols and Pseudosols (fake soils, as substrates).The concerns about the management of the “Green” deserve an in-deep consideration. The “Green” has always been an essential component of man life and social development. As a landscape factor and architectural element, the “Green” is became an indispensable need, involving all man activities under the various material, cultural, ideological and emotional facets. However, the “Green” cannot, and should not be reductively judged as a trivial ornament, furniture or make up of an artefact; quite the reverse, the “Green” is an integral part, functional and functioning, of the work. It is as superficial as unreasonable to discount that the “Green” is a living organism, continuously changing its shape, mass, volume, color. Contrastingly, our daily experience puts before our eyes a number of empirical and tawdry approaches to “Green” by Architects and Designer: this clearly highlights how a shortage of knowledge, competence and sense makes fleeting all works implemented with a self-referential conceit. The grossest mistake is disregarding the plant requirements, as, chiefly, rooting in a suitable soil / substrate, adequate water and nutrients supply, a favorable environment, a protection against pest and diseases. PrerequisitesAccording to its Objectives, the Course is essentially structured as an integrated multidiscipline. Students need to be polyvalent Architects, skilled in survey, representation and interpretation of land, landscape, buildings and artifact. Basic information dealing with chemistry, physics, biology, agronomy and legislation are also recommended. Such a familiarity will be made available also by ad hoc workshops (confer “Teaching Methods”). An adequate knowledge of technical-scientific English language is recommended.Course ContentsINTRODUCTION: GROUND CONCEPTS AND NOTIONSEntry test.Architecture and Pedology: social-cultural and functional linkages.Environment, Land and Landscape: the pluridimensional pedological approach.THEORETICAL SEGMENTPrime Environmental Compartments. 1. Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, BiospherePrime Environmental Compartments. 2. Pedosphere: Soil as the central functional interface among environmental compartments.Meso- and Micro-scale Pedosystems: from “natural environments” to interiors: the boundary between soil and pseudosoils.Principles of plant nutrition. Plant management at Meso- and Micro-scale. Minimum requirements for plant growth and production. Crop requirements.APPLIED SEGMENTPedotechnologies to soil reclamation, soil re-building and ex-novo soil construction. Technosoils design at Meso- and Micro-scale.The Pluri-dimensions of the Environmental Restoration Project: spatial, temporal, thermodynamic, and immaterial.Pluridimensional land reading and characterizing. Searching for the “Genius Loci”: the Territorial Identities. Integral Land Evaluation. Present Material and Immaterial Structural Components. Land Capability. Land Suitability.Le Chatelier’s Principle. Forecasting the interventions outcome in space and time. Potential Material and Immaterial Structural Components. The “Dynamic Focus Project”. Preliminary projections. Planning Interventions TRIAL SEGMENTField surveyStudy-cases analysesKey LegislationRestoration interventions design and modeling.Required textsSelected lectures (produced by Teacher) from monographs and national/international recognized, reliable journals and books Teaching MethodsFront-lecturing, lab practice, field survey, design and modeling of restoration actions. If the case, supplementing, specialized Seminars will be offered to uniform and improve the Students’ knowledge background. The Teacher will steadily supervise and appraise the Student work from the preliminary concept to the final restoration modeling. The Student work will be presented as oral dissertation supplied with free-hand sketches and preliminaries, and the conclusive restoration project (print and CD/DVD), with Italian-English glossary of technical terms.The Teacher thinks it’s appropriate to favor and stimulate the Students’ enterprise and the honest professional competition, as well as the co-operation sense, the positive criticisms and the integration of distinct standpoints and expertise. Brilliant, enterprising Students will be allowed to propose specified study-cases, provided such cases have a socioeconomic and doctrinal value, are transferable, and of true, general interest to acquire expertise and professionalism.Therefore, Students are warmly encouraged to responsibly create working teams (the number of participants must be proportionated to the project complexity). However, the contribution of any single participant will be extrapolated to be honestly and rightly evaluated.The Student will be required to demonstrate its competence in finding and selecting prime and secondary factors and processes driving environmental degradation and dysfunctions, and to argue in favor of its own restoration project, under technical-scientific, normative, socio-economic and cultural aspects.Check MethodsEntry testClass/field queries/discussionWork-in-progress check/authenticationFinal oral dissertation supplied with free-hand sketches and preliminaries, the conclusive restoration project (print and CD/DVD), with a glossary of technical terms.Assessment MethodsFront-lecturing and survey attendance Seminar/workshop attendanceWork-in-progress endorsementPROJECT STANDARDSrelevance to course goal: 4.5documentation/research: 4.5feasibility: 4.5sustainability: 4.5originality/innovation: 4.5precision: 4.5language: 3.0adding up to 30 = honor, with glossary of technical terms.

    English

    Teaching language

    English

    Contents

    INTRODUCTION: GROUND CONCEPTS AND NOTIONSEntry test.Architecture and Pedology: social-cultural and functional linkages.Environment, Land and Landscape: the pluridimensional pedological approach.THEORETICAL SEGMENTPrime Environmental Compartments. 1. Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, BiospherePrime Environmental Compartments. 2. Pedosphere: Soil as the central functional interface among environmental compartments.Meso- and Micro-scale Pedosystems: from “natural environments” to interiors: the boundary between soil and pseudosoils.Principles of plant nutrition. Plant management at Meso- and Micro-scale. Minimum requirements for plant growth and production. Crop requirements.APPLIED SEGMENTPedotechnologies to soil reclamation, soil re-building and ex-novo soil construction. Technosoils design at Meso- and Micro-scale.The Pluri-dimensions of the Environmental Restoration Project: spatial, temporal, thermodynamic, and immaterial.Pluridimensional land reading and characterizing. Searching for the “Genius Loci”: the Territorial Identities. Integral Land Evaluation. Present Material and Immaterial Structural Components. Land Capability. Land Suitability.Le Chatelier’s Principle. Forecasting the interventions outcome in space and time. Potential Material and Immaterial Structural Components. The “Dynamic Focus Project”. Preliminary projections. Planning Interventions TRIAL SEGMENTField surveyStudy-cases analysesKey LegislationRestoration interventions design and modeling.

    Textbook

    Selected lectures (produced by Teacher) from monographs and national/international recognized, reliable journals and books

    Training objectives

    The aim of the Course is restoring, optimizing, or ex-novo developing the material and aesthetic functionality of any anthropic system or artefact. It provides Students with theoretic foundations and methodological-operative tools to evaluate and solve conditions of:disequilibrium and deterioration, through restoration and valorization projects;latent functionality, by implementing and developing novel functions.Fields of interest include urban areas, public and private buildings and interiors.The Course addresses issues related to:identification and comprehension of the specific “Genius Loci”;the recovering of soil functionality and the Technosols building through Pedotechnologies;the management of “Green” at various interventions scales.Pedotechnologies matter deals with:the recovery and maintaining of soil functionality in “natural” and anthropized environments;the design and assembling of Technosols and Pseudosols.The concerns about the management of the vegetation in a Design / Architecture project are multifarious, and deserve an in-deep consideration. The “Green” cannot, and should not be reductively judged as a trivial ornament, furniture or make up of an artefact; quite the reverse, the “Green” is an integral part, functional and functioning, of the work. It is as superficial as unreasonable to discount that the “Green” is a living organism, continuously changing its shape, mass, volume, color. Contrastingly, our daily experience puts before our eyes a number of empirical and tawdry approaches to “Green” by some Architects and Designers: this clearly highlights how a shortage of knowledge, competence and sense makes fleeting all works implemented with a self-referential conceit. The grossest mistake is disregarding the plant requirements, as, chiefly, rooting in a suitable soil / substrate, adequate water and nutrients supply, a favorable environment, a protection against pest and diseases

    Prerequisite

    According to its Objectives, the Course is essentially structured as an integrated multidiscipline. Students need to be polyvalent Architects, skilled in survey, representation and interpretation of land, landscape, buildings and artifact. Basic information dealing with chemistry, physics, biology, agronomy and legislation are also recommended. Such a familiarity will be made available also by ad hoc workshops (confer “Teaching Methods”). An adequate knowledge of technical-scientific English language is recommended.

    Teaching methods

    Front-lecturing, lab practice, field survey, design and modeling of restoration actions. If the case, supplementing, specialized Seminars will be offered to uniform and improve the Students’ knowledge background. The Teacher will steadily supervise and appraise the Student work from the preliminary concept to the final restoration modeling. The Student work will be presented as oral dissertation supplied with free-hand sketches and preliminaries, and the conclusive restoration project (print and CD/DVD), with Italian-English glossary of technical terms.The Teacher thinks it’s appropriate to favor and stimulate the Students’ enterprise and the honest professional competition, as well as the co-operation sense, the positive criticisms and the integration of distinct standpoints and expertise. Brilliant, enterprising Students will be allowed to propose specified study-cases, provided such cases have a socioeconomic and doctrinal value, are transferable, and of true, general interest to acquire expertise and professionalism.Therefore, Students are warmly encouraged to responsibly create working teams (the number of participants must be proportionated to the project complexity). However, the contribution of any single participant will be extrapolated to be honestly and rightly evaluated.

    Evaluation methods

    Check MethodsEntry testClass/field queries/discussionWork-in-progress check/authenticationFinal oral dissertation supplied with free-hand sketches and preliminaries, the conclusive restoration project (print and CD/DVD), with a glossary of technical terms.Assessment MethodsFront-lecturing and survey attendance Seminar/workshop attendanceWork-in-progress endorsementPROJECT STANDARDSrelevance to course goal: 4.5documentation/research: 4.5feasibility: 4.5sustainability: 4.5originality/innovation: 4.5precision: 4.5language: 3.0adding up to 30 = honor, with glossary of technical terms.

    Others

    The Student will be required to demonstrate its competence in finding and selecting prime and secondary factors and processes driving environmental degradation and dysfunctions, and to argue in favor of its own restoration project, under technical-scientific, normative, socio-economic and cultural aspects.

    Course Syllabus

    Course description and learning objectivesThe main aim of the Course is restoring, optimizing, or ex-novo developing the material and aesthetic functionality of any anthropic system or artefact, as producers of goods and services, with special reference to soil and vegetation.The Course, highly specializing and professionalizing, provides Students with theoretic foundations and methodological-operative tools to competently and effectively analyze, evaluate, work out and manage situations and conditions of:disequilibrium and deterioration, through restoration and valorization projects;latent functionality, by implementing and developing novel functions.Fields of interest include urban areas, public and private buildings and interiors.Specifically, the Course addresses issues related to:identification and comprehension of the specific “Genius Loci”, through the pluridimensional reading and evaluation of the object of study;the recovering of soil functionality and the Technosols building through Pedotechnologies;the management of “Green” at various interventions scales.The pedological approach to the Land Evaluation is the key to analyzing and assessing the specific Structural Components, Capability and Suitability in space and time, as well as to forecasting the interventions outcome in space and time.Pedotechnologies matter deals with:the recovery and maintaining of soil functionality in “natural” and anthropized environments;the design and assembling of Technosols and Pseudosols (fake soils, as substrates).The concerns about the management of the “Green” deserve an in-deep consideration. The “Green” has always been an essential component of man life and social development. As a landscape factor and architectural element, the “Green” is became an indispensable need, involving all man activities under the various material, cultural, ideological and emotional facets. However, the “Green” cannot, and should not be reductively judged as a trivial ornament, furniture or make up of an artefact; quite the reverse, the “Green” is an integral part, functional and functioning, of the work. It is as superficial as unreasonable to discount that the “Green” is a living organism, continuously changing its shape, mass, volume, color. Contrastingly, our daily experience puts before our eyes a number of empirical and tawdry approaches to “Green” by Architects and Designer: this clearly highlights how a shortage of knowledge, competence and sense makes fleeting all works implemented with a self-referential conceit. The grossest mistake is disregarding the plant requirements, as, chiefly, rooting in a suitable soil / substrate, adequate water and nutrients supply, a favorable environment, a protection against pest and diseases. PrerequisitesAccording to its Objectives, the Course is essentially structured as an integrated multidiscipline. Students need to be polyvalent Architects, skilled in survey, representation and interpretation of land, landscape, buildings and artifact. Basic information dealing with chemistry, physics, biology, agronomy and legislation are also recommended. Such a familiarity will be made available also by ad hoc workshops (confer “Teaching Methods”). An adequate knowledge of technical-scientific English language is recommended.Course ContentsINTRODUCTION: GROUND CONCEPTS AND NOTIONSEntry test.Architecture and Pedology: social-cultural and functional linkages.Environment, Land and Landscape: the pluridimensional pedological approach.THEORETICAL SEGMENTPrime Environmental Compartments. 1. Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, BiospherePrime Environmental Compartments. 2. Pedosphere: Soil as the central functional interface among environmental compartments.Meso- and Micro-scale Pedosystems: from “natural environments” to interiors: the boundary between soil and pseudosoils.Principles of plant nutrition. Plant management at Meso- and Micro-scale. Minimum requirements for plant growth and production. Crop requirements.APPLIED SEGMENTPedotechnologies to soil reclamation, soil re-building and ex-novo soil construction. Technosoils design at Meso- and Micro-scale.The Pluri-dimensions of the Environmental Restoration Project: spatial, temporal, thermodynamic, and immaterial.Pluridimensional land reading and characterizing. Searching for the “Genius Loci”: the Territorial Identities. Integral Land Evaluation. Present Material and Immaterial Structural Components. Land Capability. Land Suitability.Le Chatelier’s Principle. Forecasting the interventions outcome in space and time. Potential Material and Immaterial Structural Components. The “Dynamic Focus Project”. Preliminary projections. Planning Interventions TRIAL SEGMENTField surveyStudy-cases analysesKey LegislationRestoration interventions design and modeling.Required textsSelected lectures (produced by Teacher) from monographs and national/international recognized, reliable journals and books Teaching MethodsFront-lecturing, lab practice, field survey, design and modeling of restoration actions. If the case, supplementing, specialized Seminars will be offered to uniform and improve the Students’ knowledge background. The Teacher will steadily supervise and appraise the Student work from the preliminary concept to the final restoration modeling. The Student work will be presented as oral dissertation supplied with free-hand sketches and preliminaries, and the conclusive restoration project (print and CD/DVD), with Italian-English glossary of technical terms.The Teacher thinks it’s appropriate to favor and stimulate the Students’ enterprise and the honest professional competition, as well as the co-operation sense, the positive criticisms and the integration of distinct standpoints and expertise. Brilliant, enterprising Students will be allowed to propose specified study-cases, provided such cases have a socioeconomic and doctrinal value, are transferable, and of true, general interest to acquire expertise and professionalism.Therefore, Students are warmly encouraged to responsibly create working teams (the number of participants must be proportionated to the project complexity). However, the contribution of any single participant will be extrapolated to be honestly and rightly evaluated.The Student will be required to demonstrate its competence in finding and selecting prime and secondary factors and processes driving environmental degradation and dysfunctions, and to argue in favor of its own restoration project, under technical-scientific, normative, socio-economic and cultural aspects.Check MethodsEntry testClass/field queries/discussionWork-in-progress check/authenticationFinal oral dissertation supplied with free-hand sketches and preliminaries, the conclusive restoration project (print and CD/DVD), with a glossary of technical terms.Assessment MethodsFront-lecturing and survey attendance Seminar/workshop attendanceWork-in-progress endorsementPROJECT STANDARDSrelevance to course goal: 4.5documentation/research: 4.5feasibility: 4.5sustainability: 4.5originality/innovation: 4.5precision: 4.5language: 3.0adding up to 30 = honor, with glossary of technical terms.

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